One Lord God And One Lord Jesus Christ
ACTS 2:36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.
An assertion most errant is being circulated, and it is needful that it be addressed in detail. In essence, it has been said that Jesus is Lord because God who is the only Lord dwelt in him. In other words, Jesus isn’t Lord within himself, but only on the basis that God the only Lord entered him. This is a very disturbing concept and false for many reasons.
The teaching that the only Lord, is God in Jesus, is actually a denial that God made Jesus Lord according to the Scriptures. God did not make himself Lord in Jesus, he made Jesus Lord. Such a twist is the slight and cunning craftiness of men. Are we really to believe that David could be Lord in Israel, but Jesus can't be Lord over the church? Something is terribly wrong with this line of thinking.
One must understand that the LORD God (Yahweh Elohim) possessed the title of Lord (Adonai) from ancient times. Adonai is applied exclusively to Yahweh (the LORD God). The title applied to the Messiah in Psalms 110:1 is “Adoni” (my lord). While Adonai (Lord) is exclusively God’s title, Adoni (my lord) is never used of God. It is always used in reference to a human or angel.
The Greek and Hebrew usage of these words provide us insight. The Hebrew language is much more thorough than the Greek language. There is only one main word used for 'lord' in Greek and that is “kurios” [Strong's 2962]. The New Testament uses the title Lord (kurios) interchangeably, sometimes referring to the One God, other times referring to Christ. However, to the Greek-speaking Jewish Christians, the context would show which 'lord' is being referred to, whether it be God, man or angel.
The Hebrew language however uses at least 4 main words (actually one word and 3 derivatives of another word) for “lord” therefore minimizing the chance of misunderstanding. Therefore, the Apostles and other Greek-speaking Jewish Christians would have followed which Hebrew equivalent to KURIOS was meant!
Adonai (Lord) [Strong's 136] appears over 400 times in the Old Testament. It is a title of God, not his name. His name is YHVH (pronounced Yahweh or Jehovah) which most english versions substitute LORD (all caps). Adonai is the Supreme Lord God.
Adoni (my lord) [Strong's 113] is essentially the same Hebrew word “Adon” (lord) with a different vowel pointing which makes it 'my lord'. It appears over 160 times in the Old Testament. It is used to refer to human lords. David is referred to as “adoni” many times in the Scriptures. Sarah called Abraham “adoni.” And it is used in regards to Messiah that would come in Psalms 110:1 - “my lord”. The LORD God (Yahweh) himself is never referred to as “adoni”.
[*Adonai is pronounced “Adon eye.” Adoni is pronounced “Adon nee.”]
PSALMS 110:1 The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.
This should correctly say, Yahweh (or Jehovah) said unto adoni (my lord), NOT Adonai.
There is only one Lord cited in this verse (although we understand Jehovah is Lord Almighty) and that lord is not God, but the human messiah.
The fact of the matter is, we are not simply looking at Psalms 110:1. “Jehovah said unto adoni (my lord)”, but that Jehovah actually does have an exclusive title of Lord (Adonai). So there is one Supreme Lord (or Lord God), who made his firstborn son the one lord over the church.
Irenaeus said this: Against Heresies (Book III, Chapter 9)
“One and the same God, the Creator of heaven and earth, is He whom the prophets foretold, and who was declared by the Gospel. Proof of this, at the outset, from St. Matthew's Gospel.1. This, therefore, having been clearly demonstrated here (and it shall yet be so still more clearly), that neither the prophets, nor the apostles, nor the Lord Christ in His own person, did acknowledge any other Lord or God, but the God and Lord supreme: the prophets and the apostles confessing the Father and the Son; but naming no other as God, and confessing no other as Lord: and the Lord Himself handing down to His disciples, that He, the Father , is the only God and Lord, who alone is God and ruler of all;”
In other words, Irenaeus was saying that the Lord God, the Father is Lord Supreme—the only God and Lord, at the same time stating the Lord Christ handed this down to his disciples. He understood what the Greek meant in relation to the Hebrew— that there is one Adonai Elohim and one Lord (adon) Messiah.
God hath exalted Jesus to this position as Lord over the church. Jesus is Lord. Jesus is our adon (lord) according to Psalms 110:1, Acts 2:32-36. He is not Adonai (Lord). God alone is Adonai. Jesus was not made Adonai (deity title), but Adon (non-deity title). To say Jesus is Lord because the only Lord (God) dwelt in him is a gross error and heretical idea that does not compare with the Scripture.
The references to Psalms 110:1 in the NT affirm the Father (Jehovah) is the Supreme Lord God and the Messiah is my lord. The Majesty on high, of which Jesus has sat down on the right hand of— is God Himself. God, is his Majesty, Jesus is a prince of his Majesty.
HEBREWS 1:3 Who being the brightness of [his] glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;
ACTS 5:31 Him hath God exalted with his right hand [to be] a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.
REVELATION 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, [who is] the faithful witness, [and] the first begotten of the dead, and the prince [chief ruler] of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,
PHILIPPIANS 2:9 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: 11 And [that] every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ [is] Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
HEBREWS 12:2 WNT(i) 2 simply fixing our gaze upon Jesus, our Prince Leader in the faith, who will also award us the prize. He, for the sake of the joy which lay before Him, patiently endured the cross, looking with contempt upon its shame, and afterwards seated Himself-- where He still sits--at the right hand of the throne of God.
Rotherham(i) 2 Looking away unto our faith’s Princely-leader and perfecter, Jesus,—who, in consideration of the joy lying before him, endured a cross, shame, despising! And, on the right hand of the throne of God, hath taken his seat.
- great dignity of bearing; loftiness; grandeur
- supreme power or authority
- an archaic word for royalty
Full Definition of MAJESTY
1: sovereign power, authority, or dignity
2 —used in addressing or referring to reigning sovereigns and their consorts <Your Majesty> <Her Majesty's Government>
Jesus is lord (prince/ruler) to the glory of God the Father. So there is only one Supreme Lord and that is God the Father! But the Son is the prince i.e. Ruler, Chief, over us, the kings and priests or kingdom of priests. Joseph is a type, he was rejected of his brethren, (the Jews) raised from the dungeon to the throne to be a Prince and saviour, he was equal to Pharaoh in all the kingdom except the throne, he was Lord of the Egyptians and Pharaoh was the Supreme Lord, a type of Jesus raised to his Majesty's throne and made ruler of the Kingdom.
Paul also tells us in 1 Corinthians 15:24-28, that his Majesty is subjecting all things under our Lord except his Majesty himself, he's the one doing the subjecting, and when all things are brought into subjection under our Lord then our Lord himself will be subject unto his Majesty which put all things under him, this is the perfect picture of New Jerusalem, our Lord is our Joesph sitting on the throne with the Lord God (his Majesty) above him in the form of the Logos, the great light forever and ever.
1 Corinthians Chapter 15 Verse 24
Then cometh the end, when he (Son) shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power.
25 For he must reign, till he (God) hath put all enemies under his (Jesus) feet.
26 The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death.
27 For he (God) hath put all things under his (Jesus) feet. But when he saith all things are put under him (Jesus), it is manifest that he (God) is excepted, which did put all things under him (Jesus).
28 And when all things shall be subdued unto him (Jesus), then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him (God) that put all things under him (Jesus), that God may be all in all.
For one to contend that Jesus is Lord on the basis that the only Lord (God) was in him is a blatant denial that God hath exalted his son to the position of Lord over the church.
II CORINTHIANS 6:18
KJV(i) 18 And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.
LITV(i) 18 "And I will be a Father to you, and you will be sons" and daughters to Me, says the Lord Almighty. 2 Sam. 7:8, 14; Isa. 43:6
Here is an instance where the Father is referred to as the Lord Almighty, and conveys the Old Testament designation of Adonai Yahweh as Supreme Lord. The Father is Lord Supreme and thus signifies he is the head of Lord Messiah. Only a greater authority can make one Lord (Acts 2:36).
KJV(i) 4 For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.
Here is another example where there is an obviously distinction of Lord God and our Lord Jesus Christ. One does not void the other, when the Old Testament titles are understood and applied correctly. That is why understanding the context of Scripture is vital.
I CORINTHIANS 15:47
The first man [is] of the earth, earthy: the second man [is] the Lord from heaven.
This doesn’t say God is the Lord from heaven, but that the second man is the Lord from heaven.
Jesus Christ is Lord because the Lord God made him Lord. Rightfully dividing the scripture here is the difference in truth and error. Jehovah is Adonai. Jesus is our Adon, that Adonai has placed over the body.
I CORINTHIANS 6:14 And God hath both raised up the Lord, and will also raise up us by his own power.
Now by the line of reasoning in question, that ‘God is the only Lord’; how could God have raised up the Lord? There is something about this way of thinking that has a familiarity with the Oneness/Jesus Only way of thinking—that is, never mind the context, it says what we want it to say to fit our understanding.
EPHESIANS 4:4 [There is] one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling;
EPHESIANS 4:5 One Lord, one faith, one baptism,
EPHESIANS 4:6 One God and Father of all, who [is] above all, and through all, and in you all.
It has been said that Paul is saying “one Lord” here is in reference to Deut. 6:4. This is a consequence of misunderstanding that “LORD” (all caps) is not a title (like Adonai) but the sacred name (substituted). [LORD is substituted for YHVH-Yahweh.]
Here is Deut. 6:4 correctly rendered:
Rotherham(i) 4 Hear, O Israel: Yahweh, is our God,—Yahweh alone.
WEB(i) 4 Hear, Israel: Yahweh is our God; Yahweh is one:
So where is the “one lord” mentioned? Adonai is one of God’s exclusive titles, but God’s name Yahweh is used in Deut. 6:4 not his title of Lord (same in Zech 14:9). Jesus is Adoni (my lord) which is a non-deity title, and so the distinction is there, but must be comprehended.
The context of Eph. 4:4-5 dictates that the “one Lord” is not God himself because God is mentioned in the next verse, and declared to be above all (supreme)—even Christ (the “one Lord”). The “one Lord” is the head of the church—the Lord Jesus Christ of whom the one faith pertains to. It is he that the only Lord God Almighty hath made the one Lord.
To say God made Jesus Adonai is inconceivable. The other alternative is that he made him Adoni like Psalms 110:1 declared him to be, and Peter cited in Acts 2, and thus renders false the idea that Jesus is Lord because the only Lord God entered him.
MARK 12:29 And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments [is], Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord:
MARK 12:36 For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool.
Jesus speaking with a scribe (that concurs with him) affirms the Shema of Israel that the LORD is one LORD. Therefore continuing on in his conversation in Mark 12:36 it must be understood that "my Lord" that is being spoken to by "the LORD" is not and cannot be God. "My Lord" is the Messiah, the son of God, "adon" (not Adonai) - Psalms 110:1
Bro. Vayle’s correction in Godhead #7 speaks to the fact that LORD should be Jehovah. This in no way nullifies God is Lord (Adonai) and the Messiah is Lord (Adon).
53 You know, people don’t understand about two lords. Well I’m going to tell you about two lords. Two Lords is actually a fallacy. It shouldn’t be in the Bible; but it’s there, so we use it. You see, the English people took the translation according to the English with the lords and the ladies and the high mucky-mucks and the brass and the so on. The actual translation of Ps 110:1 is “Elohim” (or Jehovah) “said to my lord,” (or the one in authority over me) “sit on my right hand.” And it should be translated as Jehovah. It should not be called LORD. It could be called God. “God said to the beloved servant,” “God said to our Jesus, the elder brother.” That’s why It says in Ephesians, “one lord.” But people, they can’t think for themselves. They just don’t know, when the word... “Oh, Vayle’s preaching two Gods.” - Bro. Lee Vayle
What I understand Bro. Vayle to mean here in correcting those that have not properly understood, is that Psalms 110:1 should not read “the LORD said” (although “it’s there, so we use it”), but rather “Jehovah said”. In other words, there isn’t actually two called Lord in this verse, there is only one, and that is “my lord” (adoni), and that is the “one Lord” in Ephesians. What Bro. Vayle says here coincides perfectly with the witness of all the New Testament. Psalms 110:1 is cited an astonishing 22 times in the NT, which in itself indicates its importance in establishing the man Christ Jesus as "my Lord" (David's Lord), the one Lord over the whole church. So those that took this to mean Jehovah is the one Lord in Eph. 4:5 blew it. Now, this does not even take into consideration what has been established—that God is the Lord (Adonai) and Jesus is my Lord (Adoni). We know that Bro. Vayle understood that Jesus was a Lord, but not Supreme Lord like his God and Father, so anyone that took this correction to mean he was disavowing the Lord God and the Lord Jesus Christ is a subject of their own fallacy. There is nothing in this quote that retracts one iota of his previous teachings concerning the Lord God and the Lord Jesus Christ. This was correcting those that were misunderstanding what he had been saying all along. For anyone to twist and misuse this statement to say Bro. Vayle was retracting false doctrine, and that as a catalyst to introduce a contrary doctrine is revolting and nothing but the spirit of apostasy and sedition against the truth. To lead the weak in faith and gullible away from the true explanation of the message into deception under such a pretext will not go unpunished.
“LORD said to my Lord.” Lord descended with a Shout; meet the Lord in the air. If Jesus
isn’t Lord, the one that came here in flesh and died upon Calvary, you ain’t got a Lord. Because you denied the Son. Now if you deny the Holy Ghost, where are you going to be? Questions and Answers - 1989-01-29 Page 18 - Bro. Lee Vayle
“Now remember, God hath made this Jesus whom you’ve crucified both Lord and Christ.
He was the Messiah and elevated to a Lordship which means He can be worshipped, and He’s worthy of worship, and He must be worshipped. But remember, he refused worship when He was here on earth and put it all back on His Father until the Father put it back onto Him.” Facts of Our Faith # 4 - 1991-02-17 Page 5 - Bro. Lee Vayle
“You’re talking about a Lord descending and a Lord staying up there, [1 Thess 4:16-17] ‘cause you’re going to meet the Lord in the air. This is not a mixed up thing that we believe in, this is the truth: That God Almighty Himself, Elohim, the same One that went to the Garden of Eden to deal with His two fallen children, is the same One here. Bro. Branham said it; he’s vindicated. And so that’s the One that is present. When we’re caught away, we’ll meet the Lord in the air.”
Spoken Word is Original Seed # 21 Book 2 - Page 7 1993-08-18 - Bro. Lee Vayle
“Now if he’s an object of worship, you can make him ‘god’, like a ‘little god’. As
Abraham’s wife, Sarah, called him ‘lord’, you can do the same with this, and you find “The Lord said to my lord, sit thou on My right hand.” So he is our lord. And he has a Lord, and they have a contract that you and I had nothing to do with but become recipients.”
Godhead # 2 - Page 11 1993-10-03 - Bro. Lee Vayle
(9) “Wherefore God hath highly exalted him, and given him a name
which is above every name:
(11) And every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the
glory of God the Father.
So Jesus is a Lord, but he’s not ‘Lord’ like his Daddy, because Jesus is not Jehovah, the Son. Jesus Jehovah is Jehovah God, Who indwelt the Son.”
The Known God # 2 - Page 23 2001-05-05 - Bro. Lee Vayle
“One Lord is the Lord Jesus Christ, our elder brother. And the other Lord is God Himself, who is the Lord of Jesus Christ. Even as the man is the head of the woman, and Christ the head of man, and God the head of Christ. Oh, that’s not hard to understand, is it? Then just believe it, talk it. Don’t ever talk any way, but this way.
“Is there one God?”
“Has He got a Son?”
“Is that Son our Lord?”
“Is God His Lord?”
Identification # 2 - Page 24 1998-11-08 - Bro. Lee Vayle
“But Elohim came down. The Lord said to my lord, and my lord is the Lord Jesus Christ, and his Lord is Almighty God. They’re both lords! And that’s the difference between God and Jesus: Jesus had a beginning, but God didn’t.” Masterpiece #1 1984-07-15 - Bro. Lee Vayle
“As simple as ABC, the head of woman is man and the head of man is Christ and
the head of Christ is God. So that’s woman, man, Christ, God! And Sarah called her
husband lord! Now Who’s the Husband of the Church? Jesus! Then He’s Lord. And Who’s His Lord?” God. Identification # 4 - Page 21 1998-12-06 - Bro. Lee Vayle
'Course, the Gentile has no hold on Christ by the name of Son of David. No, no. See, the Son of David was under the Kingship, and Christ is the King of the Jews. But to the church, He's not the King; He is the Lord. Amen. He's the husband, as Sarah called Abraham her Lord. He's Lord of the church, but King of the Jewish race."—Bro. William Branham - PERSEVERANCE_ S.PINES.NC FRIDAY_ 62-0608
Notice, here how Bro. Branham and Bro. Vayle give the comparison with Sarah calling Abraham lord to Jesus being deemed lord. This is “adon”, the same word for Messiah in Psalms 110:1. This perfectly demonstrates Christ’s lordship as under the supreme authority of the Lord (Adonai) God.
“He was a Man apart from all men and above all men, born to, created, performing and now at the right hand of God, truly our Lord, and God is His Lord, and we are all one and all of God.” Identification # 4 - Page 23 1998-12-06 - Bro. Lee Vayle
91 “One day the sun come up real hot one morning, Abraham was sitting out in the shadow of his tent there by the oak. And he looked down, it must have been along about eleven o'clock, and he seen three man coming, walking up, dust on their clothes. And Abraham run out. There was something in his heart that made him feel real good, and he run out and fell down at their feet. And watch, he said, "My Lord!" Isn't it strange? Three of them; but "my Lord"! 92 Look at Lot. When two of them went down there, just two of them, he said, "My lords." Lot called them "lords." Abraham… Lot called, two, "lords." 93 And Abraham called, three of them, "Lord! My Lord!"
62-0706 - Jehovah-Jireh #2 Rev. William Marrion Branham
This is a favor quote of those that have not understood the Lord Almighty and his son the Lord Jesus. But it is not what they think. “My Lord” in Gen 18:3 is Adonai—title for the Lord God Almighty. When Lot saw the two angels in Gen 19:2-3, he said “my lords” adoni (non-deity title that is appropriately used for human lords and angels). Bro. Branham’s type was to show the One God and refute the trinitarian concept. He did not take the type beyond that, and certainly was not attempting to disprove that Yahweh is Adonai and the Messiah is Adon.
Notice where the prophet, Bro. Branham invokes the name of the Lord God and the Lord Jesus Christ:
—Grant it, Lord, in the Name of Your Son, the Lord Jesus. - 54-1204
—Satan, come out in the Name of the Lord God and the Lord Jesus Christ. - 58-0503
—Lord God, in the Name of the Lord Jesus, I command that every demon power turn these people loose. - 58-0619E
—Lord, in the Name of the Lord Jesus, bless and heal my brother. 59-0708E
—So we come before Thee tonight, Lord God, in the Name of the Lord Jesus Thy Son, to ask that You first will pardon us of every sin and every trespass that we have did against Thee. 60-0228
—O God, bless this little girl. I pray for mercy that You'll be with her. Grant that she will be healed, Lord, in the Name of the Lord Jesus.
—Lord God, in the Name of the Lord Jesus, heal this woman, I pray. 59-0708E
The quotes from Bro. Vayle clearly reflect the teaching he has laid down concerning the LORD God (the Father) and our Lord Jesus Christ (the son). The phrase “two lords” unexplained carries the wrong connotation because it is indistinguishable, but he did not fail to explain the thought behind what he said. When one understands there is one Lord God and one Lord Jesus Christ, that God is Yahweh Adonai (Lord), and Jesus is Lord Messiah, then the context of Scripture is in view. Most often the expression “two lords” is used to besmirch the understanding of the only Lord God and his son the Lord Jesus Christ. If that is a mark I must bear in standing with the truth of the word, then I gladly accept it. I will not compromise, to say something more suited to those that have rejected the truth set forth in the Scriptures, Message, and Message Teaching.
In conclusion, Jesus being exalted to the right hand of God and bestowed the title "Lord" is the fulfillment of the Father's plan ordained from the foundation of the world. It is a title granted him by God that conferred to him Lordship over the church. He of course derived this Lordship from His Lord God who is above all, including himself. Both God the Father and his son Jesus can be appropriately and scripturally called "Lord" respectively, because they are as is clearly evidenced in the Scriptures, and dare any man say different. The one Lord God, the Father, and one Lord Jesus Christ, the son.
I CORINTHIANS 8:6 But to us [there is but] one God, the Father, of whom [are] all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom [are] all things, and we by him.
EPHESIANS 1:22 And hath put all [things] under his feet, and gave him [to be] the head over all [things] to the church,
Saying God "gave him to be the head over all things to the church”, is another way of expressing that God had made Jesus both Lord and Christ (Acts 2:36).
In other words, Jesus is exalted and installed, he is positioned, he is granted the authority by God's decree to be the head of the church, the same as God is his head. He has been proven and approved.
To refuse to acknowledge that God exalted his son Jesus and made him Lord is to deny the faith. To attempt to void Christ's lordship by saying God made himself Lord in Christ is seed of discrepancy. Without accepting the Lordship of the man Christ Jesus, one does not have a Lord because they have denied the one faith and the one lord, that the only Lord God Almighty has set over the church.
Ephesians 1:20-23 Moffatt(i) 20 which he exerted in raising Christ from the dead and seating him at his right hand in the heavenly sphere, 21 above all the angelic Rulers, Authorities, Powers, and Lords, above every Name that is to be named not only in this age but in the age to come -- 22 he has put everything under his feet and set him as head over everything for the church, 23 the church which is his Body, filled by him who fills the universe entirely.
HEAR.YE.HIM_ LIMA.OH FRIDAY_ 57-0125
E-27 Notice. Then the son, if he was a good boy and was very up-and-at-it with the Father's business, one day the father taken that son out into a public place, and robed him in a beautiful garment, and set him up before the public, and had a ceremony. And he adopted his own child into his family. In other words, he positionally placed his son. From then on, his name was just as good on the check as his father's was. It was a placing of the son. And God back in the Old Testament, being a shadow of the New to come, did the same thing by His Son. He taken three witnesses and took Him up on the mount which is called Mount Transfiguration. And there appeared unto them first Moses and Elijah, first Moses and Elijah.
HEAR.YE.HIM_ LIMA.OH FRIDAY_ 57-0125
E-28 But Jesus was transfigured before them, God placing His Son. And He robed Him with a garment that glistened like the sun shining in its strength. And a voice from heaven said, "This is My beloved Son; hear ye Him. Moses is gone. The law is gone. But this is My Son; hear ye Him."
That ought to tell you. God placing His own Son... So the law has finished. And all of the Old Testament has been lived. And there's none left but Christ. And God's someday, if the people who are borned again of the Spirit of God, and the Tutor brings message to Father one day it's called to the side, and visited by God, and positionally placed into the body of Christ as a teacher, prophet, evangelist, teacher, pastor, whatever you have been obedient since he's been born, God places that person. You see it?
HEAR.YE.HIM_ LIMA.OH FRIDAY_ 57-0125
E-29 Now, then if the authority comes from God, then his message comes from God. Now, we have a lot of impersonations, but God backs up His message. When God does it, God proves it. God stands by it. The father stood by his son in the Old Testament. The Father stands by his Son in heaven. "Whatever He says, I'll do it." See? It's what? Hear ye Him.